Cervical stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal that results from the degeneration of bones, discs, or joints in the cervical spine. This narrowing can squeeze or compress the nerve roots where they leave the spinal cord or compress and potentially damage the spinal cord itself. Cervical spinal stenosis is typically caused by age and overuse, which can lead to degeneration of the spine's discs, bones and joints. Vertebrae may slip out of their normal alignment and rub harmfully against each other.
Symptoms depend on the area being pinched. Pressure on a nerve root can cause pain, weakness and numbness in the shoulders, arms and hands. Balance and coordination may also become an issue for those suffering from cervical stenosis. Other problems include loss of fine motor skills, manual dexterity issues, and in late stages, loss of bowel and bladder control.
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Activity modification
- Epidural steroid injections
- Physical therapy
- Spine surgery